# Merge Sort In C++

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Merging deployment is the means by which divisions succeed. It is based on the idea of ​​dividing an unsorted row into several sub-rows and merging that sub-row into a sorted row until each sub-row contains an element.

Deployment in programming refers to the placement of elements of a data structure in a specific and meaningful manner. Sorting is an important part of data processing. Efficient sorting algorithms are very important so we can perform the operations that require sorted input.

## Merge Sort in C++

In the merge sequence, a given sequence is sorted and sorted using the winning algorithm. This algorithm divides the input line into sub-rows (until there is only one element in each sub-row) and then re-sorts the sub-rows.

``````#include <iostream>

using namespace std;

// A function to merge the two half into a sorted data.
void Merge(int *a, int low, int high, int mid)
{
// We have low to mid and mid+1 to high already sorted.
int i, j, k, temp[high-low+1];
i = low;
k = 0;
j = mid + 1;

// Merge the two parts into temp[].
while (i <= mid && j <= high)
{
if (a[i] < a[j])
{
temp[k] = a[i];
k++;
i++;
}
else
{
temp[k] = a[j];
k++;
j++;
}
}

// Insert all the remaining values from i to mid into temp[].
while (i <= mid)
{
temp[k] = a[i];
k++;
i++;
}

// Insert all the remaining values from j to high into temp[].
while (j <= high)
{
temp[k] = a[j];
k++;
j++;
}

// Assign sorted data stored in temp[] to a[].
for (i = low; i <= high; i++)
{
a[i] = temp[i-low];
}
}

// A function to split array into two parts.
void MergeSort(int *a, int low, int high)
{
int mid;
if (low < high)
{
mid=(low+high)/2;
// Split the data into two half.
MergeSort(a, low, mid);
MergeSort(a, mid+1, high);

// Merge them to get sorted output.
Merge(a, low, high, mid);
}
}

int main()
{
int n, i;
cout<<"\nEnter the number of data element to be sorted: ";
cin>>n;

int arr[n];
for(i = 0; i < n; i++)
{
cout<<"Enter element "<<i+1<<": ";
cin>>arr[i];
}

MergeSort(arr, 0, n-1);

// Printing the sorted data.
cout<<"\nSorted Data ";
for (i = 0; i < n; i++)
cout<<"->"<<arr[i];

return 0;
}``````

## Output

``````Case 1:

Enter the number of data element to be sorted: 10
Enter element 1: 23
Enter element 2: 987
Enter element 3: 45
Enter element 4: 65
Enter element 5: 32
Enter element 6: 9
Enter element 7: 475
Enter element 8: 1
Enter element 9: 17
Enter element 10: 3

Sorted Data ->1->3->9->17->23->32->45->65->475->987``````

## Final Words

We hope the Merge Sort In C++ article clears up your doubts and confusion. See you again in a good article. Thanks. Hi, I'm Ranjith a full-time Blogger, YouTuber, Affiliate Marketer, & founder of Coding Deekshi. Here, I post about programming to help developers.

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